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France Islam: French cabinet backs law targeting extremism

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The French cabinet has authorized a invoice geared toward tackling radical Islam after a latest collection of assaults by extremists.

The draft law, a part of a long-term drive by President Emmanuel Macron to uphold secular values, tightens guidelines on home-schooling and hate speech.

Some critics, each in France and overseas, have accused his authorities utilizing it to focus on faith.

But Prime Minister Jean Castex known as it “a law of protection” that may free Muslims from the grip of radicals.

He insisted that the textual content was not “aimed against religions or against the Muslim religion in particular”.

What is within the law?

The invoice “supporting Republican principles” would tighten restrictions on on-line hate speech and ban the usage of the web to maliciously reveal private particulars about different folks.

This is seen as a response to the beheading of trainer Samuel Paty in October. Paty, 47, was killed by a lone attacker after exhibiting pupils cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad.

The investigation has revealed a web-based marketing campaign had been launched in opposition to him.

The law additionally bans “clandestine” colleges which promote Islamist ideology and tightens guidelines on home-schooling.

It would additionally reinforce the ban on polygamy by refusing residency to polygamous candidates. Doctors might be fined or banned for performing virginity assessments on women.

There are new guidelines on monetary transparency for Muslim associations and a requirement that they signal as much as France’s Republican values in return for funding.

A ban on officers carrying non secular apparel at work is being prolonged to move staff and employees at swimming swimming pools and markets.

Muslims below stress to signal French values charterBeheading of trainer deepens divisions in France

Why is the law being launched?

The draft law has been into account for a while however latest Islamist assaults pushed it up the agenda.

Paty’s homicide was one in every of three assaults that outraged France. Three folks had been killed in stabbings in a Nice church in October.

Two folks had been stabbed and severely damage in September in Paris close to the previous workplaces of Charlie Hebdo journal, the place Islamist militants carried out a lethal assault in 2015.

media captionFrench President Emmanuel Macron says France ‘won’t ever give in’

President Macron is a staunch defender of French Republican values together with state secularism. He has described Islam as a faith “in crisis” and defended the precise of Charlie Hebdo to publish cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed.

France has an estimated 5 million Muslims, Europe’s largest Muslim minority.

What has the response been?

Mr Macron has change into the goal of sharp criticism in a number of Muslim-majority international locations.

Relations with Turkey, already strained, had been additional undermined with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan describing the laws as an “open provocation” and saying Mr Macron was “mentally ill”.

Demonstrations have been held in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Lebanon.

The US envoy on non secular freedom, Sam Brownback, was additionally essential, saying: “When you get heavy-handed, the situation can get worse.”

In France itself, some left-wing politicians have expressed concern that the laws might be seen as stigmatising Muslims.

Le Monde newspaper says it might additionally antagonise different non secular teams who practise home-schooling.

But the BBC’s Lucy Williamson in Paris says stress has grown on President Macron to behave.

Tackling Islamist affect within the identify of French secularism could also be widespread at dwelling, but it surely’s nonetheless a fragile operation for the state, she provides.

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*{margin:calc(0.5rem / 2);}]]>IslamEmmanuel MacronFranceIslamist extremism

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