FThis file handout illustration picture obtained February three, 2020, courtesy of the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, and created on the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC), reveals ultrastructural morphology exhibited by the novel coronavirus, COVID-19. PHOTO: Lizabeth MENZIES / Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention / AFP
Nigeria confirmed its first case of the Coronavirus illness (COVID-19) within the wee hours of Friday.
Minister of Well being Dr Osagie Ehanire, mentioned the case entails an Italian citizen who works in Nigeria and simply returned to Lagos from Milan, Italy on February 25, 2020.
Because the nation battles to include the dreaded illness which has claimed hundreds of lives, the WHO has addressed some myths in regards to the illness.
Right here they’re as written by the UN company:
Are hand dryers efficient in killing the brand new coronavirus?
No. Hand dryers are usually not efficient in killing the 2019-nCoV. To guard your self towards the brand new coronavirus, it’s best to steadily clear your palms with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with cleaning soap and water. As soon as your palms are cleaned, it’s best to dry them completely by utilizing paper towels or a heat air dryer.
Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the brand new coronavirus?
UV lamps shouldn’t be used to sterilize palms or different areas of pores and skin as UV radiation may cause pores and skin irritation.
How efficient are thermal scanners in detecting folks contaminated with the brand new coronavirus?
Thermal scanners are efficient in detecting individuals who have developed a fever (i.e. have a better than regular physique temperature) due to an infection with the brand new coronavirus.
Nonetheless, they can not detect people who find themselves contaminated however are usually not but sick with fever. It’s because it takes between 2 and 10 days earlier than people who find themselves contaminated turn into sick and develop a fever.
Can spraying alcohol or chlorine throughout your physique kill the brand new coronavirus?
No. Spraying alcohol or chlorine throughout your physique is not going to kill viruses which have already entered your physique. Spraying such substances will be dangerous to garments or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). Bear in mind that each alcohol and chlorine will be helpful to disinfect surfaces, however they have to be used below acceptable suggestions.
Is it protected to obtain a letter or a bundle from China?
Sure, it’s protected. Folks receiving packages from China are usually not susceptible to contracting the brand new coronavirus. From the earlier evaluation, we all know coronaviruses don’t survive lengthy on objects, resembling letters or packages.
Can pets at dwelling unfold the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV)?
At current, there is no such thing as a proof that companion animals/pets resembling canine or cats will be contaminated with the brand new coronavirus. Nonetheless, it’s all the time a good suggestion to scrub your palms with cleaning soap and water after contact with pets. This protects you towards numerous widespread micro organism resembling E.coli and Salmonella that may cross between pets and people.
Do vaccines towards pneumonia defend you towards the brand new coronavirus?
No. Vaccines towards pneumonia, resembling pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza sort B (Hib) vaccine, don’t present safety towards the brand new coronavirus.
The virus is so new and totally different that it wants its personal vaccine. Researchers are attempting to develop a vaccine towards 2019-nCoV, and WHO is supporting their efforts.
Though these vaccines are usually not efficient towards 2019-nCoV, vaccination towards respiratory sicknesses is extremely really useful to guard your well being.
Can usually rinsing your nostril with saline assist stop an infection with the brand new coronavirus?
No. There isn’t any proof that usually rinsing the nostril with saline has protected folks from an infection with the brand new coronavirus.
There may be some restricted proof that usually rinsing nostril with saline might help folks recuperate extra rapidly from the widespread chilly. Nonetheless, usually rinsing the nostril has not been proven to forestall respiratory infections.
Can consuming garlic assist stop an infection with the brand new coronavirus?
Garlic is a wholesome meals that will have some antimicrobial properties. Nonetheless, there is no such thing as a proof from the present outbreak that consuming garlic has protected folks from the brand new coronavirus.
Does placing on sesame oil block the brand new coronavirus from coming into the physique?
No. Sesame oil doesn’t kill the brand new coronavirus. There are some chemical disinfectants that may kill the 2019-nCoV on surfaces. These embody bleach/chlorine-based disinfectants, both solvents, 75% ethanol, peracetic acid, and chloroform.
Nonetheless, they’ve little or no affect on the virus in the event you put them on the pores and skin or below your nostril. It could possibly even be harmful to place these chemical compounds in your pores and skin.
Does the brand new coronavirus have an effect on older folks, or are youthful folks additionally prone?
Folks of all ages will be contaminated by the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Older folks and other people with pre-existing medical situations (resembling bronchial asthma, diabetes, coronary heart illness) look like extra weak to turning into severely unwell with the virus.
WHO advises folks of all ages to take steps to guard themselves from the virus, for instance by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.
Are antibiotics efficient in stopping and treating the brand new coronavirus?
No, antibiotics don’t work towards viruses, solely micro organism.
The brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus and, subsequently, antibiotics shouldn’t be used as a method of prevention or therapy.
Nonetheless, in case you are hospitalized for the 2019-nCoV, it’s possible you’ll obtain antibiotics as a result of bacterial co-infection is feasible.
Are there any particular medicines to forestall or deal with the brand new coronavirus?
So far, there is no such thing as a particular medication really useful to forestall or deal with the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
Nonetheless, these contaminated with the virus ought to obtain acceptable care to alleviate and deal with signs, and people with extreme sickness ought to obtain optimized supportive care. Some particular remedies are below investigation and will likely be examined by medical trials. WHO helps to speed up analysis and growth efforts with a variety or companions.