Nigeria confirmed its first case of the Coronavirus illness (COVID-19) within the wee hours of Friday.
Minister of Well being Dr Osagie Ehanire, stated the case includes an Italian citizen who works in Nigeria and simply returned to Lagos from Milan, Italy on February 25, 2020.
Because the nation battles to include the dreaded illness which has claimed hundreds of lives, listed below are some fundamental protecting measures beneficial by the World Well being Organisation.
Wash your arms regularly
Commonly and completely clear your arms with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with cleaning soap and water.
Why? Washing your arms with cleaning soap and water or utilizing alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses which may be in your arms.
Photograph: Robin UTRECHT / ANP / AFP
Preserve social distancing
Preserve no less than 1 metre (three toes) distance between your self and anybody who’s coughing or sneezing.
Why? When somebody coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nostril or mouth which can include the virus. If you’re too shut, you possibly can breathe within the droplets, together with the COVID-19 virus if the particular person coughing has the illness.
Keep away from touching eyes, nostril and mouth
Why? Palms contact many surfaces and may choose up viruses. As soon as contaminated, arms can switch the virus to your eyes, nostril or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your physique and may make you sick.
Observe respiratory hygiene
Be sure you, and the folks round you, comply with good respiratory hygiene. This implies protecting your mouth and nostril together with your bent elbow or tissue whenever you cough or sneeze. Then get rid of the used tissue instantly.
Why? Droplets unfold the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you defend the folks round you from viruses reminiscent of chilly, flu and COVID-19.
You probably have fever, cough and issue respiratory, search medical care early
Keep residence if you happen to really feel unwell. You probably have a fever, cough and issue respiratory, search medical consideration and name prematurely. Observe the instructions of your native well being authority.
Why? Nationwide and native authorities could have the hottest info on the scenario in your space. Calling prematurely will enable your well being care supplier to rapidly direct you to the correct well being facility. This can even defend you and assist forestall the unfold of viruses and different infections.
Keep knowledgeable and comply with the recommendation given by your healthcare supplier
Keep knowledgeable on the most recent developments about COVID-19. Observe the recommendation given by your healthcare supplier, your nationwide and native public well being authority or your employer on methods to defend your self and others from COVID-19.
Why? Nationwide and native authorities could have the hottest info on whether or not COVID-19 is spreading in your space. They’re greatest positioned to advise on what folks in your space must be doing to guard themselves.
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Along with the protecting measure, the WHO has addressed some myths in regards to the illness. Right here they’re as written by the UN company:
Are hand dryers efficient in killing the brand new coronavirus?
No. Hand dryers are usually not efficient in killing the 2019-nCoV. To guard your self towards the brand new coronavirus, it’s best to regularly clear your arms with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with cleaning soap and water. As soon as your arms are cleaned, it’s best to dry them completely through the use of paper towels or a heat air dryer.
Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the brand new coronavirus?
UV lamps shouldn’t be used to sterilize arms or different areas of pores and skin as UV radiation may cause pores and skin irritation.
How efficient are thermal scanners in detecting folks contaminated with the brand new coronavirus?
Thermal scanners are efficient in detecting individuals who have developed a fever (i.e. have the next than regular physique temperature) due to an infection with the brand new coronavirus.
Nevertheless, they can’t detect people who find themselves contaminated however are usually not but sick with fever. It is because it takes between 2 and 10 days earlier than people who find themselves contaminated change into sick and develop a fever.
Can spraying alcohol or chlorine throughout your physique kill the brand new coronavirus?
No. Spraying alcohol or chlorine throughout your physique is not going to kill viruses which have already entered your physique. Spraying such substances might be dangerous to garments or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). Bear in mind that each alcohol and chlorine might be helpful to disinfect surfaces, however they should be used beneath acceptable suggestions.
Is it protected to obtain a letter or a package deal from China?
Sure, it’s protected. Individuals receiving packages from China are usually not liable to contracting the brand new coronavirus. From earlier evaluation, we all know coronaviruses don’t survive lengthy on objects, reminiscent of letters or packages.
Can pets at residence unfold the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV)?
At current, there isn’t a proof that companion animals/pets reminiscent of canines or cats might be contaminated with the brand new coronavirus. Nevertheless, it’s all the time a good suggestion to scrub your arms with cleaning soap and water after contact with pets. This protects you towards varied widespread micro organism reminiscent of E.coli and Salmonella that may cross between pets and people.
Do vaccines towards pneumonia defend you towards the brand new coronavirus?
No. Vaccines towards pneumonia, reminiscent of pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza sort B (Hib) vaccine, don’t present safety towards the brand new coronavirus.
The virus is so new and totally different that it wants its personal vaccine. Researchers try to develop a vaccine towards 2019-nCoV, and WHO is supporting their efforts.
Though these vaccines are usually not efficient towards 2019-nCoV, vaccination towards respiratory diseases is extremely beneficial to guard your well being.
Can often rinsing your nostril with saline assist forestall an infection with the brand new coronavirus?
No. There isn’t a proof that often rinsing the nostril with saline has protected folks from an infection with the brand new coronavirus.
There’s some restricted proof that often rinsing nostril with saline might help folks recuperate extra rapidly from the widespread chilly. Nevertheless, often rinsing the nostril has not been proven to forestall respiratory infections.
Can consuming garlic assist forestall an infection with the brand new coronavirus?
Garlic is a wholesome meals which will have some antimicrobial properties. Nevertheless, there isn’t a proof from the present outbreak that consuming garlic has protected folks from the brand new coronavirus.
Does placing on sesame oil block the brand new coronavirus from coming into the physique?
No. Sesame oil doesn’t kill the brand new coronavirus. There are some chemical disinfectants that may kill the 2019-nCoV on surfaces. These embrace bleach/chlorine-based disinfectants, both solvents, 75% ethanol, peracetic acid and chloroform.
Nevertheless, they’ve little or no affect on the virus if you happen to put them on the pores and skin or beneath your nostril. It may possibly even be harmful to place these chemical compounds in your pores and skin.
Does the brand new coronavirus have an effect on older folks, or are youthful folks additionally vulnerable?
Individuals of all ages might be contaminated by the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Older folks and other people with pre-existing medical situations (reminiscent of bronchial asthma, diabetes, coronary heart illness) look like extra susceptible to turning into severely in poor health with the virus.
WHO advises folks of all ages to take steps to guard themselves from the virus, for instance by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.
No, antibiotics don’t work towards viruses, solely micro organism.
The brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus and, subsequently, antibiotics shouldn’t be used as a method of prevention or therapy.
Nevertheless, if you’re hospitalized for the 2019-nCoV, you might obtain antibiotics as a result of bacterial co-infection is feasible.
So far, there isn’t a particular medication beneficial to forestall or deal with the brand new coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
Nevertheless, these contaminated with the virus ought to obtain acceptable care to alleviate and deal with signs, and people with extreme sickness ought to obtain optimized supportive care. Some particular therapies are beneath investigation and will likely be examined by medical trials. WHO helps to speed up analysis and growth efforts with a variety or companions.